Criminology, Law and Society
College of Humanities and Social Sciences

Victoria A. Greenfield

Victoria A. Greenfield

Victoria A. Greenfield

Visiting Scholar

Dr. Victoria A. Greenfield is a Visiting Scholar in the Department of Criminology, Law and Society at George Mason University, where she is conducting research on crime-control policy and writing, “Assessing the Harms of Crime: Towards a New Framework for Crime-Control Policy” (with Letizia Paoli), for Oxford University Press. Greenfield specializes in national security and international social and economic issues, including transnational crime, drug production, and drug trafficking. In addition, she advises federal agencies and others on strategic planning, organizational structure, performance evaluation, and change management. Greenfield has served as a lead investigator for projects funded by the U.S. Department of Defense, U.S. Department of State, and others. Her latest publications explore means of assessing the harms of criminal activities, alternative approaches to supply-oriented drug policy, police department investments in information technology, and benefits and costs of border security. In recent years, Greenfield has held the positions of Senior Economist, RAND Corporation (currently adjunct), and Admiral Crowe Chair of the Economics of the Defense Industrial Base, U.S. Naval Academy. She also served on the National Academies’ Committee on Estimating Costs to the Department of Justice of Increased Border Enforcement. Previously, she was the Senior Economist for International Trade and Agriculture, U.S. President's Council of Economic Advisers, White House, the Chief International Economist, Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs, U.S. Department of State, and Principal Analyst, U.S. Congressional Budget Office. Greenfield holds a B.S. in agricultural economics (Cornell University) and a Ph.D. in agricultural and resource economics (U.C. Berkeley).

Selected Publications

Paoli, L. and Greenfield, V. (2015), “Starting from the End: A Plea for Focusing on the Consequences of Crime,” European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, Vol. 23(2), pp. 87-100.

Greenfield, V., and Paoli, L. (2013), “A Framework to Assess the Harms of Crimes,” British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 53(5), pp. 864–885.

Paoli, L., Greenfield, V., and Zoutendijk, A. (2013), “The Harms of Cocaine Trafficking: Applying a New Framework for Assessment,” Journal of Drug Issues, Vol. 43(4), pp. 407-436.

Greenfield, V. and Paoli, L. (2012), “If Supply-Oriented Drug Policy is Broken, Can Harm Reduction Help Fix It?—Melding Disciplines and Methods to Advance International Drug Control Policy,” International Journal of Drug Policy, Vol. 23, pp. 6-15.

Brady, R. and Greenfield, V. (2010), “Competing Explanations of U.S. Defense Industry Consolidation in the 1990s and their Policy Implications,” Contemporary Economic Policy,       Vol. 28(2).

Greenfield, V., Paoli L., and Reuter, P. (2009), “Is Medicinal Opium Production Afghanistan’s Answer? Lessons from India and the World Market,” Journal of Drug Policy Analysis,               Vol. 2(1).

Paoli, L., Greenfield, V. and Reuter, P. (2009), The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut? New York: Oxford University Press.