Faye S. Taxman

Faye S. Taxman

Faye S. Taxman

University Professor

Health services and correctional research, evidence based courts and corrections, program design and interventions, experimentation and evaluation, organizational change, seamless systems of care

Faye S Taxman, Ph.D. is a University Professor in the Criminology, Law and Society Department and Director of the Center for Advancing Correctional Excellence at George Mason University. Dr. Taxman is recognized for her work in the development of the seamless systems of care models that link the criminal justice with other service delivery systems as well as reengineering probation and parole supervision services, and organizational change models. Her work covers the breadth of the correctional system from jails and prisons to community corrections and adult and juvenile offenders, including all types of interventions and system improvement factors. She has had numerous grants from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institute of Justice, National Institute of Corrections, Office of National Drug Control Policy, and Bureau of Justice Assistance. She has active "laboratories" with her nearly 20 year agreement with the Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services.

Dr. Taxman has published over 190 articles including translational work such as the Tools of the Trade: A Guide to Incorporating Science into Practice, a publication of the National Institute on Corrections which provides a guidebook to implementation of science-based concepts into practice. She is the author (with Steve Belenko) of Implementing Evidence-Based Community Corrections and Addiction Treatment (Springer, 2011).  She developed the RNR Simulation Tool (www.gmuace.org/tools).  She is on the Editorial Boards of the Journal of Experimental Criminology, Criminology and Public Policy,  and Journal of Offender Rehabilitation. She received the University of Cincinnati award from the American Probation and Parole Association in 2002 for her contributions to the field. She is a Fellow of the Academy of Experimental Criminology and a member of the Correctional Services Accreditation Panel (CSAP) of England. In 2008, the American Society of Criminology's Division of Sentencing and Corrections recognized her as Distinguished Scholar. In 2017, she received the Joan McCord Award from the Division of Experimental Criminology.  She has a Ph.D. from Rutgers University-School of Criminal Justice and a B.A., from University of Tulsa.

Current Research

Motivation:  Studies to explore strategies to enhance involvement in treatment services for those involved in the justice system.  Three studies are exploring structural strategies, intrinsic motivation techniques, and staff-led strategies.

SOARING 2 (with Ralph Serin, University of Ottawa), funded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance. The purpose of the SOARING 2 (Skills for Offenders Assessment and Responsivity in New Goals) is to create web-based tools that can facilitate the sustainability of evidence-based practices in judicial and correctional agencies.

JSTEPS study, funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse under the Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (U01 DA 16213). This is an implementation study that includes both qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis methods on the adoption of Contingency Management in federal probation and re-entry settings. This study examines how contingency management procedures can be incorporated into criminal justice agencies through the use of field observation, surveys of justice actors, data from the JSTEPS software, and information on offender progress. 

Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR): A Simulation Tool, funded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance ¬čInnovator's Field study (2009-DG-BX-K026). This study will create a simulation model for federal, state, and local criminal justice agencies to use to determine whether the services provided are responsive to the risk and need factors of offenders in their correctional systems. The goal is to provide better linkage between offender needs and available services. This project will develop a web-based RNR Simulation Tool that can assist local, state, and/or federal agencies in using the risk-need-responsivity approach in practice through defining the type and nature of correctional options available in their jurisdictions.

Effects of Manualized Treatment in a Seamless System, funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01 DA 17729).  This study examines the impact of a behavioral curriculum designed to improve the offender's pro-social role in the community through a series of interpersonal and community skill-building exercises. Using mentors from the community, the protocol addresses the person-community interaction. The study is two-arm clinical trial: skill building behavioral curriculum that focuses on enhancing the interpersonal and pro-social relationships of offenders and traditional brokerage-style supervision. The study examines the impact of the models on client, community, and organizational outcomes.

Assessment and Referral Technologies in the Juvenile Justice System study, funded by the National Institute of Drug Abuse (R01 DA 018759). This study is a randomized block trial focused on the impact of different technology transfer techniques on staff implementation of an assessment, referral, and treatment protocol. The study focuses on efficacy of different models of organizational change and implementation, and the impact of this change on both client-level (e.g., service utilization, service mix) and organization-level outcomes. The three organizational strategies include mentoring staff, standard training with booster sessions, and standard practice for implementing new procedures.

Selected Publications

Lerch, J.Ll, Tang, L., Walters, S., & Taxman, F.S. (in press, 2017).  Effectiveness of a computerized motivational intervention on treatment initiation and substance use: Results from a randomized trial.  Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment.

Chandler, R.K. Gordon, M.S., Kruszka, B…….(in press, 2017).  Cohort Profile: Seek, Test, Treat and Retain United States Criminal Justice Cohort.  Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy.

Kras, K., Portillo, S., & Taxman, F.S. (in press).  Managing from the Middle:  Frontline Supervisor and their Perceptions of their Organizational Power.  Law & Policy.

Taxman, F.S. (forthcoming, 2018).  The Partially Clothed Emperor:  Evidence-Based Practices.  Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice.

*Folk, J., Stuewig, J.B., Blasko, B.L., Caudy, M., Martinez, A.G., Maass, St., Taxman, F.S., & Tangney, J. P. (in press). Do Demographic Factors Moderate How Well Criminal Thinking Predicts Recidivism?  International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology

*Spohr, S., Walters, S., & Taxman, F.S. (in press).  People’s Reasons for Wanting to Complete Probation: Use and Predictive Validity in an e-Health Intervention.  Evaluation & Program Planning.

*Wooditch, A., Sloas, L., & Taxman, F.S. (in press) A Multisite Randomized Block Experiment on the Seamless System of Care Model for Drug-Involved Probationers.  Journal of Drug Issues.

Taxman, F.S. (2008).  No Illusion, Offender and Organizational Change in Maryland's Proactive Community Supervision Model. Criminology and Public Policy 7(2): 275-302. DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-9133.2008.00508.x

Henderson, C., & Taxman, F. (2009). Competing values among criminal justice administrators: The importance of substance abuse treatment. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 103(Supp 1), S7-S16. DOI:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2008.10.001

Young, D., Farrell, J., Henderson, C., & Taxman, F. (2009). Filling service gaps: Providing intensive treatment services for offenders. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 103(Supp 1), S33-S42. DOI:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2009.01.003

Taxman, Faye S & Gordon, J. (2009). Do fairness and equity matter? An examination of organizational justice among correctional officers in adult prisons. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 36, 695-711.

Courses Taught

CRIM 490 Drugs and Crime (special topics course)

CRIM 740 Justice Organizations and Administration

CRIM 795 Corrections (special topics course)

CRIM 795 Sentencing (special topics course)

Dissertations Supervised

Stephanie Maass, Individual, Organizational, and Training Design Influences on Probation Training Outcomes (2017)

Erin Crites, Reliability and Validity of the RNR Program Tool (2015)

Tugrul Turhal, Organizational Structure of PKK and Non-PKK-Linked Turkish Drug Trafficking Organizations: The Influence of Social Bonds (2015)

Lincoln Sloas, Examining the Relationship Between Treatment Readiness and Substance Use Treatment Initiation and Engagement (2015)

Meghan Curran, Substance Abuse Treatment Programs in Corrections: An Integrated Approach (2013)