Victoria Greenfield

Victoria Greenfield

Victoria Greenfield

Affiliate Faculty

Dr. Victoria A. Greenfield is a senior economist at the RAND Corporation, and faculty affiliate in the Department of Criminology, Law and Society at George Mason University. While a visiting scholar at Mason between 2015-2018, Greenfield and co-author Prof. Letizia Paoli drafted the book “Assessing the Harms of Crime: A New Framework for Criminal Policy” (2022, Oxford University Press), which received the 2023 Book Award from the European Society of Criminology. Greenfield specializes in national security and international social and economic issues, including transnational crime. She also advises federal agencies on strategic planning, organizational structure, and performance evaluation.

In recent years, Greenfield’s research and publications have explored harms of drug production and human trafficking, the use of trade sanctions to combat forced labor, risks of illicit opioids in Asia-Pacific markets, risks of cyberattacks on supply chains, revenues from human smuggling, controls for chemical explosive precursors, and means of reducing Afghan opium production. She has also overseen research quality assurance for RAND’s Homeland Security Research Division (2020-2021), lectured at Leuven Institute for Criminology in Belgium (2016, 2022), and chaired the National Academies’ committee on reducing the threat of improvised explosive devices (2016-2018).

Earlier in her career, Greenfield served as the Admiral Crowe Chair in the Economics of the Defense Industrial Base at the U.S. Naval Academy, a member of the National Academies’ committee on border enforcement costs, the senior economist for international trade and agriculture at the U.S. President’s Council of Economic Advisers, the chief international economist in the Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs, U.S. Department of State, and a principal analyst with the Congressional Budget Office.

Selected Publications

Victoria A. Greenfield and Letizia Paoli (2022), Assessing the Harms of Crime: A New Framework for Criminal Policy, Oxford University Press.

Jirka Taylor, Bryce Pardo, Shann Hulme, Jennifer Bouey, Victoria A. Greenfield, Sheldon Zhang, and Beau Kilmer (2021), "Illicit Synthetic Opioid Consumption in Asia and the Pacific Assessing the Risks of a Potential Outbreak," Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Volume 220.

Victoria A. Greenfield, Blas Nunez-Neto, Ian Mitch, Joseph C. Chang, and Etienne Rosas (2019), Human Smuggling and Associated Revenues: What Do or Can We Know About Routes from Central America to the United States? RAND Corporation (RR-2852-DHS).

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Committee on Reducing the Threat of Improvised Explosive Device Attacks by Restricting Access to Chemical Explosive Precursors (2018), Reducing the Threat of Improvised Explosive Device Attacks by Restricting Access to Explosive Precursor Chemicals, The National Academies Press.

Victoria A. Greenfield, Craig A. Bond, Keith Crane (2017), "A Household Model of Opium-Poppy Cultivation in Afghanistan: Results and Lessons for Policymaking," Journal of Policy Modeling, 39(5).

Victoria A. Greenfield, Letizia Paoli, and Andries Zoutendijk (2016), "The Harms of Human Trafficking: Demonstrating the Applicability and Value of a New Framework for Systematic, Empirical Analysis," Global Crime, 17(2).

Paoli, L. and Greenfield, V. (2015), “Starting from the End: A Plea for Focusing on the Consequences of Crime,” European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, Vol. 23(2), pp. 87-100.

Greenfield, V. and Paoli, L. (2012), “If Supply-Oriented Drug Policy is Broken, Can Harm Reduction Help Fix It?—Melding Disciplines and Methods to Advance International Drug Control Policy,” International Journal of Drug Policy, Vol. 23, pp. 6-15.

Paoli, L., Greenfield, V. and Reuter, P. (2009), The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut? New York: Oxford University Press.